Enhancing Greater Metro Manila’s Institutional Capacities for Effective Disaster/Climate Risk Management towards Sustainable Development (GMMA READY Project)

What is the project about?

people walking in a flooded street Obandeños walking in the flooded streets of Obando, Bulacan during the aftermath of Typhoon Ondoy (Ketsana) in 2009. UNDP is working to decrease the Filipinos vulnerability to natural hazards and increase their resilience. (Photo: Eliot Avena/UNDP Philippines)

Metropolitan Manila, with its population of about 12 million in its 636 square kilometer land area is considered the most vulnerable among the country’s metropolitan centers to multi-hazards, including flooding. The risk of meteorological disasters is expected to increase even more with the onset of climate change. Tropical Storm Ketsana (locally named Ondoy) which traversed Metro Manila and nearby localities in September 2009 was not strong by conventional standards but managed to cause devastation at levels that have not been seen in the Philippines for a long time. Less than three years later, in August 2012, the Metro Manila and its adjacent areas endured extensive flooding and incurred damages as massive as TS Ketsana from an eight-day period of continuous rains brought by the southwest monsoon. These two events with combined damages estimated at more than USD 1.1 Billion, caught Metro Manila by surprise and underscored the vulnerability of the metropolis and surrounding environs to disaster risks.

GMMA READY Project aims to decrease the vulnerability of the Greater Metro Manila Area (GMMA) to natural hazards and increase their resilience, by strengthening the institutional capacities of the local government units, concerned national government agencies, academic institutions and civil society organizations to manage disaster and climate change risks. At the national level, the project aims to institutionalize and standardize Disaster Risk Management (DRM) measures and processes, while at the local level, it aims to empower the most vulnerable cities and municipalities in the Philippines and to enable communities to prepare DRM plans and to integrate them into their respective land use development plans. 

The project attempts to achieve this outcome by:

  1. assessing the GMMA’s vulnerabilities to disaster and climate change risks;  
  2. developing and implementing priority disaster/climate risk mitigation (CRM) actions for GMMA such as formulation and testing of an integrated contingency plan and establishment of early-warning systems;
  3. enhancing the competencies of GMMA LGUs and critical partners to mainstream DRM/CRM into local planning and regulatory processes;
  4. demonstrating the mainstreaming of DRM/CRM into local land use/ development plan(s) and regulatory processes of Metro Manila and selected GMMA LGUs; and
  5. establishing a knowledge management system, including a vigorous  Community of Practice on Disaster/Climate Risk Management.

What have we accomplished so far?

The preparation of multi-hazard maps of the target areas is currently underway, while the acquisition of needed equipment for the establishment of the community-based early warning systems for flashfloods and landslides has been initiated. The Project has also facilitated the drafting of the contingency plan of GMMA LGUs.

Key government agencies, including the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) and the Collective Strengthening on Community Awareness on Natural Disasters (CSCAND) Agencies, and LGUs have been trained on geographic information system and the Rapid Earthquake Damage Assessment System (REDAS). REDAS, software developed by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), is used as a tool to initiate mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the local development planning process under the Project. Its main feature is its capability to simulate any earthquake hazard scenarios.

The Project has also started the design of the DRM/CRM knowledge management platform/system, and the setting up of the Community of Practice.


Major sources of financing (including all sources providing more than $100,000).

Donor name Amount contributed
Government of Australia/AusAID AUD 2,500,000

Delivery in previous fiscal year


USD     4,908.01

2012 USD 829,823.77

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