The website features a simple navigation system. The search menus on the right help to navigate across the financing tools, instrument and strategies reviewed. Financing solutions can be searched for the financial result(s) they aim to achieve, the financial instrument(s) used, and the relevant sector(s) or Sustainable Development Goal(s). For additional information on the search and tagging system please visit the "How to use this platform" section. All solutions are listed alphabetically in this page.

  • Biodiversity Offsets

    Measurable conservation outcomes resulting from actions that compensate for significant residual adverse biodiversity impacts arising from development projects.

  • Bioprospecting

    Systematic search for biochemical and genetic information in nature in order to develop commercially-valuable products and applications.

  • Carbon Markets

    Carbon markets aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions cost-effectively by setting limits on emissions and enabling the trading of emission units.

  • Climate Credit Mechanisms

    Market mechanisms that enable entities, for which the cost of reducing emissions is high, to pay low-cost emitters for carbon credits that they can use towards meeting their emission-reduction obligations. An example is the Clean Development Mechanism.

  • Debt for Nature Swaps

    Agreement that reduces a developing country’s debt stock or service in exchange for a commitment to protect nature.

  • Ecological Fiscal Transfers

    Integrating ecological services means making conservation indices (e.g. size/quality of protected areas) part of the fiscal allocation formula to reward investments in conservation.

  • Enterprise Challenge Funds

    Funding instrument that distributes grants (or concessional finance) to profit-seeking projects on a competitive basis.

  • Environmental Trust Funds

    Legal entity and investment vehicle to help mobilizing, blending, and overseeing the collection and allocation of financial resources for environmental purposes.

  • Green Bonds

    Bonds where proceeds are invested exclusively in projects that generate climate or other environmental benefits.

  • Impact Investment

    Investments made with the intention to generate a measurable social and environmental impact alongside a financial return.

  • Lotteries

    Governments and civil society groups use lotteries as a means of raising funds for benevolent purposes such as education, health, preservation of historic sites and nature conservation.

  • Payments for Ecosystem Services

    Payments for ecosystem services (PES) occur when a beneficiary or user of an ecosystem service makes a direct or indirect payment to the provider of that service.

  • Public Guarantees

    Guarantees can mobilize and leverage commercial financing by mitigating and/or protecting risks, notably commercial default or political risks.

  • Remittances (Diaspora Financing)

    Private unrequited transfers sent from abroad to families and communities in a worker's country of origin.

  • Social and Development Impact Bonds

    A public-private partnership that allows private (impact) investors to upfront capital for public projects that deliver social and environmental outcomes in exchange for a financial interest.

  • Taxes on Fuel

    The sale tax any individual or firm who purchases fuel for his/her automobile or home heating pays. Fuel taxes can reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions while generating public revenues.

  • Taxes on Pesticides and Chemical Fertilizers

    Taxes on certain pesticides and chemical fertilizers can mobilize fiscal revenues while mitigating the negative effects associated with pesticide/fertilizers application and promoting sustainable agriculture practices.

  • Taxes on Renewable Natural Capital (water; timber)

    Any fee, charge or tax charged on the extraction and/or use of renewable natural capital (e.g. timber or water).

  • Taxes on Tobacco

    Excise taxes on tobacco products can raise fiscal revenues, improve health and well-being, and address market failures.

  • Voluntary Standards (finance)

    Standards applicable to the financial sector that capture good practices and encourage the achievement and monitoring of social and environmental outcomes.