Enabling Regions 10 and 11 to Cope with Climate Change (Project Climate Twin Phoenix)
What is the project about?
Mindanao in the southern part of the Philippines is not traditionally prone to typhoons. Therefore, the onslaught of Tropical Storm Washi (locally named Sendong) in the northern part of the island caused unexpected devastation. Typhoon Washi was the most destructive tropical storm in 2011 causing more than a thousand casualties, with over 6,000 people injured and about 200 missing people in various regions in the country. Of the seven regions affected, the region of Northern Mindanao (Region 10) suffered the most with an estimated cost of Php1.85 billion in damages to properties.
A year later, Mindanao was hit by another major typhoon, Bopha (locally named Pablo), claiming more than a thousand lives and displacing close to a million people. Typhoon Bopha, the strongest cyclone to hit the Philippines in 2012, caused widespread destruction estimated at PhP40 billion, with Davao Region (Region 11) incurring the most damage.
While climate projections for the years 2020 and 2050 indicate a generally drying trend in Mindanao, a closer look at Regions 10 and 11 reveal a positive increase in average precipitation during the period of December to January.
The experience of both regions in Mindanao underscores the growing vulnerabilities of the country’s metropolitan centers and human settlements, particularly those with inherent natural hazards. With rapidly increasing population, these vulnerable urban areas must be prioritized in terms of climate change adaptation and disaster risk management.
The Project Climate Twin Phoenix aims to assess the disaster vulnerabilities of the affected areas of Regions 10 and 11 in Mindanao to geological, meteorological and meteorologically-induced hazards due to climate change. The results will provide the basis for priority mitigation actions like community- based and -managed early warning systems, and integrated contingency planning and mobilization.
The project will also support information, education and communications campaign to raise the awareness of the general public on climate change and its impacts, as well as, enhance the competencies of the concerned local government units on mainstreaming climate/disaster risk management into local land use and development planning and regulatory processes. And to increase the resilience of vulnerable communities, the project will support the development of climate resilient livelihoods and risk sharing/transfer models.
What have we accomplished so far?
In 2012, the Project focused on the completion of start-up activities including conduct of coordination and inception meetings with relevant stakeholders, which helped firm up the project targets and outputs; and forging partnerships with key government agencies, local government units, academic institutions, and non-government organizations.
In January 2013, the Project held an Experts’ Group Meeting to reconcile existing methodologies and data requirements for flood modeling to generate flood hazard maps using projected rainfall patterns.
In the aftermath of Typhoon Bopha that hit the country in December 2012, the Project extended its assistance to the affected provinces of Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental in Region 11, which was formalized in February 2013 through a Memorandum of Understanding. The Project aims to build the capacities of the local government units, and undertake the refinement of existing risk maps of these two provinces taking into account the climate change projections for the Bopha-affected areas.
The Project also conducted a Training of Trainers on the Basics of Climate and Disaster Risks, Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management as well as a Training of Trainers on Geographic Information System for local partners to develop a pool of trainers proficient in the basic concepts of disaster risks and climate change including assessment methodologies necessary to integrate disaster risk reductions and climate change adaptation considerations in development planning processes; and build their skills on exposure and vulnerability mapping using geospatial technology tools.
Major sources of financing (including all sources providing more than $100,000).
|Donor name||Amount contributed
|Government of Australia/ AusAID||AUD 1,500,000|
|Government of Australia/AusAID||AUD 897,077|
Delivery in previous fiscal year
- Project start date:
- April 2012
- Estimated end date:
- December 2014
- Geographic coverage:
- Region X (Cagayan De Oro and Iligan Cities) and municipalities around the target river basins; Region XI (Provinces of Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental)
- Focus Area:
- Energy and Environment
- MDGs 1 and 7
- Project officer:
- Amelia D. Supetran, Team Leader, Energy and Environment
- Climate Change Commission (CCC); Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB); National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA); Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA); Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), Office of Civil Defense (OCD); Housing and Land Use regulatory Board (HLURB); NEDA Region X; Academe (University of the Philippines (UP), Xavier University, Mindanao State University); LGUs (Cagayan De Oro City, Iligan City, and municipalities around CDO and Mandulog river basins in Region X and the provinces of Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental in Region XI); NGOs (e.g. Balay Mindanaw Foundation, Inc.)