6 Reduce child mortality
Where we are?
The country has been performing well in terms of reducing child mortality over the past two decades. Infant mortality rate had gone down from 57 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 25 in 2008 while under-five mortality rate had declined from 80 in 1990 to 34 in 2008.
The major factor that contributed to this remarkable achievement is the set of effective and well-defined child health and related programs carried out by the Department of Health, in collaboration with the local government units. The programs offer a range of interventions that are appropriate at various life cycle stages, from maternal care to care of the newborn up to integrated management of child health. Some of these interventions include breastfeeding and complementary feeding, micronutrient supplementation, immunization of both children and mothers, integrated management of sick children, child injury prevention and control, birth spacing, and proper hygiene.
Meanwhile, child mortality is relatively high in rural areas where women have no or little education and/or income poor.
Under-five Mortality Rate, 1990-2008
Sources of data: Technical Working Group on Maternal and Child Mortality, NSCB (1990); NDHS, NSO (1993, 1998, 2003, 2008)
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG4
- Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
- Under-five mortality rate
- Infant mortality rate
- Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles