6 Reduce child mortality

Where we are?

 mothers with their infants
Mothers with their infants queue up to receive vaccination from a local health clinic in Negros. Infant and under-five mortality has seen remarkable improvements in the country over the past two decades. (Photo: UNICEF Philippines)

The country has been performing well in terms of reducing child mortality over the past two decades. Infant mortality rate had gone down from 57 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 25 in 2008 while under-five mortality rate had declined from 80 in 1990 to 34 in 2008.

The major factor that contributed to this remarkable achievement is the set of effective and well-defined child health and related programs carried out by the Department of Health, in collaboration with the local government units. The programs offer a range of interventions that are appropriate at various life cycle stages, from maternal care to care of the newborn up to integrated management of child health. Some of these interventions include breastfeeding and complementary feeding, micronutrient supplementation, immunization of both children and mothers, integrated management of sick children, child injury prevention and control, birth spacing, and proper hygiene.

Meanwhile, child mortality is relatively high in rural areas where women have no or little education and/or income poor.

Under-five Mortality Rate, 1990-2008

Line Chart

Sources of data: Technical Working Group on Maternal and Child Mortality, NSCB (1990); NDHS, NSO (1993, 1998, 2003, 2008)

Targets for MDG4
  1. Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
    • Under-five mortality rate
    • Infant mortality rate
    • Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles